|Home What is the Civil Protection Law? Emergency Legal System Protecting Yourself from Armed Attack or Terrorism etc.|
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Regarding the security environment surrounding Japan, although the danger of a full-scale invasion has decreased more than 10 years after the end of the Cold War, Japan is facing urgent new threats to peace and security and diverse situations, including the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles, as well as international terrorist activities.
In consideration of these situations and from the standpoint that the national
government is inherently obliged to ensure the peace and independence of the nation
and maintain the safety of the nation and the people in armed attack against Japan
from the outside, the Law for Peace and Independence of Japan and Maintenance
of the Nation and the People's Security in Armed Attack Situations etc. (Armed
Attack Situation Response Law) was enacted in June 2003. In June 2004, the
Law concerning the Measures for Protection of the People in Armed Attack Situations
etc. (Civil Protection Law) was enacted to
make the whole nation fully prepared for these situations and to thereby implement
appropriately and promptly measures to protect the people in such situations,
along with the Armed Attack Situation Response
Meanwhile, the “National Defense Program Guideline, FY2005-” was adopted at a cabinet meeting in December 2004. The Guideline sets forth two objectives of Japan's security policy;
To this end, the Government of Japan will make diplomatic efforts to support United Nations activities for international peace and security, and to promote cooperative relationships with other countries and further develop its close cooperative relationship with the United States based on the Japan-U.S. Security Arrangements. In this way, the Government will combine its own efforts and its cooperative efforts with Japan's alliance partner and those with the international community in an integrated manner.
Against such background, the Basic Guidelines for Protection of the People,
which set the basic policy for implementation of measures to protect the people,
was adopted at a cabinet meeting in March 2005 with the aim of promoting appropriate
and smooth implementation of the Civil Protection
Law. Based on the Basic Guidelines, Civil
Protection Plans of designated administrative
agencies were developed in October 2005 and Civil
Protection Plans of all prefectural governments in March 2006. Municipal governments
are currently developing their Civil Protection Plans and designated public institutions
are developing their Civil Protection Business
Should an armed attack or terrorism etc. against Japan from the outside occur, the Government of Japan will address the situation in cooperation with prefectural and municipal governments etc. However, it is extremely difficult to anticipate when, where and how such a situation would occur. The Cabinet Secretariat has prepared and released “For Protecting Ourselves from Armed Attack or Terrorism etc.,” describing how the people should act in such a situation and what things the people should prepare for such a situation on a routine basis.
What would you do if armed attack or terrorism etc. against Japan from the outside should occur? It may be difficult for you to see such a situation as a real problem. However, we believe that preparations for such a situation should be fully discussed in peacetime. “Civil protection” is highly important and directly related to your lives and property. The Government of Japan intends to make the whole nation fully prepared for such a situation. We hope that you will further increase your understanding.
|Cabinet Secretariat National Security Affairs and Crisis Management.|
2-4-12 Nagata-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100 - 8968, Japan. Tel: +81-3-5253-21111
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